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Posts Tagged ‘2014’

Nuclear Disarmament: A Solution Not Being Offered

In EYE ON CITRUS, Nuclear Disarmament: A Solution Not Being Offered on kp36 at 311913

Iran’s decision to stop complying with parts of a landmark nuclear deal, and North Korea’s new round of missile tests have the world talking about the possibility of nuclear war again.

In light of the devastation these weapons cause, it defies logic that such a war is ever a possibility. Yet the “Doomsday Clock” of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists stands at two minutes to midnight, indicating that the risk of a nuclear confrontation right now is extremely high. How did we get here and why has the world collectively not found a solution to this threat?

Most governments recognize that certain kinds of weapons are so dangerous that simply possessing them creates an imminent danger to the safety and security of the planet.

Almost every country, including the United States, has signed onto the Biological Weapons Convention, banning the development, production, and stockpiling of such weapons. The same is true with the Chemical Weapons Convention.

Why then does the United States, as well as other nuclear-armed states like Russia and China, not also take a similar posture towards nuclear weapons?

America’s policy seems to be “nuclear weapons don’t kill people, people kill people.”

Certainly those in power do not fail to recognize these weapons’ awesome power and potential for destruction. They’ve only grown more deadly over the decades. When the US dropped the first atom bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, killing 220,000 people, they delivered approximately 15 and 21 kilotons of energy respectively. Today’s modern weapons are an order of magnitude more powerful.

Related: Classic Who: Hiroshima Series, Part1

The largest energy-yielding bomb ever exploded was the Russian “Tsar Bomba” with a 50 megaton detonation in 1961 — 2,000 times more powerful than the first atom bombs, with a fireball eight miles in diameter.

To get a sense of what one of these weapons can do, you can check out this interactive app that uses Google Maps to demonstrate the radius of destruction, estimated fatalities, and radioactive fallout for various types of nuclear weapons.

Nukemap

Predicted surface of a W-39, US H-bomb if detonated in Washington, DC.Photo credit: Nukemap

But perhaps even more dangerous than the increased yields are the sophisticated new methods of delivery. Consider the MIRV — short for “multiple independently-targetable reentry vehicle.” MIRVs are essentially smaller warheads packed inside the main warhead of a ballistic missile.

The idea is that when the missile descends on the target, the MIRV warhead will open and release all the smaller, harder to defend against warheads toward different targets — either spread wide to hit multiple cities and military bases, or concentrated on a single area for maximum damage.

Under the Obama administration, the US removed the last MIRV missile from its arsenal in 2014, while Russia unveiled its new “Satan 2” MIRV missiles in 2016. The latter weapon was also demonstrated in a visual animation during a recent talk by Vladimir Putin. The MIRVs were shown falling on President Donald Trump’s favorite getaway destination — Mar-a-Lago.

MIRV, Peacekeeper, missile

Photo credit: US Air Force / Wikimedia

Or consider the ballistic missile submarines that crawl silently along the ocean floor — undetected by either friend and foe. The US Navy currently has 14 of these subs deployed.

Or the B-52 nuclear bombers that were for decades in a 24/7 flight pattern headed toward targets in Russia, only to turn away before reaching their fail-safe distance. More than one apocalyptic novel or movie has been written around something going haywire with these deterrence systems.

If a nuclear exchange between rival powers were to occur, not only would millions of lives likely be lost, but the very existence of life on this planet could be in jeopardy because of the effects of nuclear winter.

Add to that nightmare scenario the consideration that humanity has already come to the brink of annihilation more than once — as shown by several accidental incidents.

This is not to say that no progress has been made. In 1963 the US and Russia — the two countries with by far the most nuclear weapons — signed the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, and both countries have abided by that agreement to never again test detonate a nuclear weapon above ground. (Russia has also signed and ratified the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, banning underground detonations as well. The United States has signed, but not ratified the treaty.)

The US and Russia are also signatories to the Treaty on Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). The treaty, ratified in 1970, bans the sale or transfer of nuclear weapons and technology, with the eventual goal of disarmament, preserving the right for peaceful use of nuclear power.

Both countries have signed other incremental treaties over the decades that have helped significantly reduce the number of warheads and deliverability systems, including the recent New Start treaty, signed in 2010.

In early 1960s, the United States nuclear arsenal was at its peak, with over 30,000 weapons, while the Soviet Union had over 40,000 in 1986. Today, both countries have approximately 7,000 each.

 Nuclear Stockpiles

Photo credit: The Arms Control Association

While this downtrend is certainly praiseworthy, both countries still have more than enough weapons to blow up the entire world. Recent posturings by both nations, and calls for “modernization” of nuclear arsenals are causing great concern among peace activists.

Doomsday Clock

Current reading, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists Doomsday Clock.Photo credit: Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists / Wikimedia

While the NPT signers have agreed to work towards disarmament, a majority of countries have not been satisfied with the current state of affairs and slow progress. On July 7, 2017, 122 countries voted to approve the text of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons — the first treaty completely banning the use, possession, and development of nuclear weapons. As of today, 57 countries have signed on to the treaty.

Noticeably absent signatories are all currently nuclear-armed countries.

The below video further explains the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, and is followed by a video of former UN Ambassador Nikki Haley explaining why the US does not agree with the treaty.

REST OF STORY HERE…..

Today’s The Day EARLY VOTING…click here

In Citrus County FL, EYEONCITRUS.COM, TODAY EARLY VOTING BEGINS OCT 23 2014 on kp59 at 311422

EARLY VOTING

Today is the day, Thursday Oct 23, is the start of early voting in CITRUS COUNTY, and other counties in the State of Florida. Citrus County Early Voting hours are from 10:00 A.M. to 6:00 P.M., Thursday OCT 23, 2014 Through Saturday, NOV 1, 2014. The regular ELECTION DAY IS TUESDAY, NOV 4, 2014. Below is the Early Voting Locations in Citrus County.

CAN'T SEE, CLICK HERE AND YOU'LL BE ABLE TO SEE, NEW WINDOW OPENS, BIGGER INFO    EARLY VOTING LOCATIONS 2014   EYEONCITRUS.COM

Below are the Amendments on this year 2014 Ballots and their Explanations.

AMENDMENT 1

This is the Amendment that Governor Graham is seeking to get passed in order that

Florida protect it’s waterways and conserve the precious natural resources of the State.

CLICK HERE TO SEE JUST THE AMENDMENT IN NEW PAGE  eyeoncitrus.com

AMENDMENT 2

This Amendment is sought to legalize the use of Medical Marijuana

which has been shown helpful in the treatment of many and varied medical conditions.

It needs 60% voter approval to be passed.

CLICK HERE TO SEE JUST THE AMENDMENT IN NEW PAGE  eyeoncitrus.com

 

AMENDMENT 3

This Amendment would allow any sitting Governor to pick a Judge regardless of the standing criteria that now exists.  The measure, upon voter approval, would empower the governor to fill judicial vacancies by appointing a justice or judge from among at least three, but not more than six, candidates selected by the judicial nominating commission. The measure would also allow the governor to "prospectively" fill a vacancy, meaning that the governor would not need to wait until a judge completes his or her term to pick a successor in situations where a judge:

  • Reaches the mandatory judicial retirement age of 70.
  • Fails to qualify for a retention election.
  • Fails to be retained through election.

CLICK HERE TO SEE JUST THE AMENDMENT IN NEW PAGE  eyeoncitrus.com

ADMENDMENT 4

This Amendment is intended to increase the Sales Tax in the County by 1%

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Search Warrants issued Missing Hannah Graham 18

In Search Warrants issued Missing Hannah Graham 18 on kp37 at 301422

Posted: 09/19/2014 2:56 pm EDT Updated: 51 minutes ago

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Investigators searched an apartment building and parked vehicle on Friday near the University of Virginia campus as part of the hunt for a student who disappeared last week.

Hannah Graham, an 18-year-old sophomore, disappeared after attending a party with friends on Sept. 13.

At about 3 a.m. Friday, Charlottesville police executed a search warrant for a vehicle parked at an Albemarle County residence. The location is reportedly 10 minutes from the University of Virginia campus.

According to NBCWashington.com, the search of the vehicle gave authorities “sufficient probable cause” to obtain a search warrant for a nearby apartment building.

Authorities entered the apartment building at about 10 a.m. Friday. Officers were reportedly searching all four units of the building.

Grainy surveillance video captured Graham after the party, being followed by an unknown man outside a local pizza shop. Another video, from a jewelry store, shows the man follow Graham.

No one has heard from the teen since.

According to the Charlottesville Daily Progress, Charlottesville Police Chief Timothy J. Longo said the apartment building authorities searched today is connected to a person of interest in the case.

A police press release released Friday afternoon indicated additional details will be released at a 5 p.m. press conference.

Graham is 5 feet, 11 inches tall, with a slender build. She has brown hair, blue eyes and freckles. She was last seen wearing a black crop top with mesh cutouts.

A $50,000 reward is being offered for information leading to the cause of her disappearance.

Anyone with information on Hannah Graham’s whereabouts is asked to call the Charlottesville Police Department at (434) 295-3851.

Royal Skunk Pet Clinic

In Royal Skunk Pet Clinic on kp24 at 311429

Citrus County

ROYAL SKUNK PET CLINIC CITRUS SPRINGS FL  EYEONCITRUS.COM

Low-cost pet clinic set for Friday Royal Skunk pet clinic will offer low-cost clinical services for county residents’ pets this Friday (Jan 31, 2014)
Those wishing to make an appointment for pet teeth-cleaning, spaying and neutering or shots should make an appointment today. The services are offered at reduced prices and the clinic does not have another date scheduled yet.
The clinic is in Hampton Square Plaza, 2412 Essex St., Citrus Hills. Call 352-201-6701 for an appointment, as services are offered by appointment only.

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